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Thyroid Disorders Test


Thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland inside the neck, located in front of the trachea (windpipe) and below the larynx (voicebox). Thyroid glandproduces two thyroid hormones - triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) that travel through the blood to all tissues of the body.

Thyroid hormones regulate basic metabolism of body (that is how the body breaks down food and either uses that energy immediately or stores it for the future). The functioning of thyroid gland is controlled by pituitary gland (located at the base of the brain), which produces thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). The bloodstream carries TSH to the thyroid gland, and signals the thyroid gland to produce more thyroid hormones, as needed.

  • Hyperthyroidism:Excessive production of thyroid hormones from an overactive thyroid gland
  • Hypothyroidism:Too little production of thyroid hormone from an underactive thyroid gland
  • Thyroid Nodules:A small lump in the thyroid gland, which can either be a growth of thyroid tissue or a fluid-filled cyst
  • Thyroiditis:Swelling / inflammation of thyroid gland
  • Goiter:Enlargement of thyroid gland
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hashimoto's thyroiditis (an autoimmune condition that causes inflammation of the thyroid gland)
  • Thyroid hormone resistance
  • Other types of thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid), such as acute thyroiditis and postpartum thyroiditis
  • Radiation therapy
  • Iodine deficiency
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Graves' disease
  • Toxic multinodular goiter
  • Thyroid nodules that overexpress thyroid hormone (known as "hot" nodules)
  • Excessive iodine consumption
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Fatigue
  • Increased sensitivity to cold
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Weight gain
  • Puffy face
  • Hoarseness
  • Muscle weakness
  • Elevated blood cholesterol level
  • Muscle aches, tenderness and stiffness
  • Pain, stiffness or swelling in your joints
  • Heavier than normal or irregular menstrual periods
  • Thinning hair
  • Slowed heart rate
  • Depression
  • Impaired memory
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Sudden weight loss, even when your appetite and the amount and type of food you eat remain the same or even increase
  • Rapid heartbeat (tachycardia) — commonly more than 100 beats a minute irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia) or pounding of your heart (palpitations)
  • Increased appetite
  • Nervousness, anxiety and irritability
  • Tremor — usually a fine trembling in your hands and fingers
  • Sweating
  • Changes in menstrual patterns
  • Increased sensitivity to heat
  • Changes in bowel patterns, especially more frequent bowel movements
  • An enlarged thyroid gland (goiter), which may appear as a swelling at the base of your neck
  • Fatigue, muscle weakness
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Skin thinning
  • Fine, brittle hair
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Goiter
  • Heart problems
  • Mental health issues
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Myxedema (long-term, undiagnosed hypothyroidism)
  • Infertility
  • Birth defects
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Brittle bones
  • Heart problems
  • Eye problems
  • Red, swollen skin
  • Thyrotoxic crisis
  • Medical history and physical examination
  • Blood tests: TSH levels, T3 and T4 levels
  • Radio iodine uptake test
  • Thyroid scan

Thyroid Disorders

i.What are the common developing symptoms of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism?+
ii.Why thyroid is common in women?+
iii.How do you get diagnosed for thyroid problems?+
iv.What are the complications along with thyroid, if it remains untreated?+