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Pregnancy: Pre-pregnancy and Pregnancy monitoring


Overview

Pregnancy is a state in which a woman carries a fertilized egg inside her body, which usually last 40 weeks begins from the first day.

Pregnancy is measured in trimester from the first day of your last menstrual period, a full-term pregnancy can deliver between 37 weeks and 42 weeks.

It is important to have regular check-up of pregnant lady in terms of pre-pregnancy and with pregnancy monitoring.

Pregnancy planning has some of the important steps which helps couple to go smooth with the face and helps to deliver a healthy baby.Preconception care can increase your chances of becoming pregnant and reduce the risks of miscarriage or birth defects. Couple should do following things if they are planning to have a baby

  • Make an appointment with doctor for preconception visit
  • Consider genetic carrier screening
  • Start healthy diet
  • Give up binge drinking, smoking, and drugs
  • Check your caffeine intake
  • Aim for a healthy weight
  • Start exercising
  • Check the medicines before you take

 

Couple may also have to run a number of tests -- such as blood tests and a Pap smear -- to make sure that neither of one have any medical conditions that could affect pregnancy or chances of conceiving. Doctor also helps couple if they have any diseases like diabetes, thyroid, High Blood Pressure. Doctor might suggest following tests:

  • Rubella, or German measles immunity
  • Chickenpox immunity
  • HIV
  • Hepatitis B immunity
  • Other STDs (such as chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea)
  • Thyroid problems (with a TSH test)
  • Other conditions, such as toxoplasmosis and parvovirus B19 (also called fifth disease)
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Herpes
  • Thalassemia (an inherited form of anemia)
  • Genetic diseases

Pregnancy monitoring includes various diagnostic test which monitor fetal health

  • First prenatal visit includes a health history, physical exam, and Blood and Urine tests
  • First Trimester examination will include fetal ultrasound, which uses reflected sound waves to provide an image of your fetus and placenta<
  • Second-trimester exams and tests may include fetal ultrasound and electronic fetal heart monitoring, also oral glucose screening of lady for possible gestational diabetes
  • If mother have Rh-negative blood, you may have an antibody screening test and will receive an injection of Rh immunoglobulin
  • Third-trimester exams and tests may include fetal ultrasound, hepatitis B screening, and group B strep screening

From mild to severe, following conditions are common during pregnancy

  • Fatigue
  • Morning sickness
  • Sleep problems
  • Breast changes
  • Heartburn
  • Back pain and sciatica
  • Pelvic ache and hip pain
  • Leg cramp

Pregnancy:Pre-Pregnancy and Pregnancy Monitoring

i. How early can a home pregnancy test detect pregnancy?+
ii. Which pregnancy tests does doctors use?+
iii. When does the pregnancy symptoms start appearing?+
iv. What all diagnostic tests must be done during pregnancy?+

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