Test Code: BH102G
Pre Test Information:
Age, Transfusion history required
The body requires many different vitamins and minerals that are crucial for both body development and preventing disease. These vitamins and minerals are often referred to as micronutrients. They aren’t produced naturally in the body, and are obtained from diet.
A nutritional deficiency occurs when the body doesn’t absorb or get the necessary amount of a nutrient from food. Deficiencies can lead to a variety of health problems. These can include digestion problems, skin disorders, stunted or defective bone growth, and even dementia.
70% of Indians are vitamin deficient
70% of Indians are vitamin deficient and 90% of vegetarians and 85% of non-vegetarians are protein deficient in India
Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) contributes to 60% of the total 10 million deaths of less than 5 year old children in India. Two forms of PEM are:
Vitamin A deficiency
Food high in Vitamin A are:
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) deficiency
Vitamin B9 (Folate) deficiency
Vitamin B12 (Cyanocobalamin) deficiency
Vitamin D deficiency
The specific signs and symptoms of a nutritional deficiency depends on the nutrient which a body lacks. However, some general signs and symptoms are as follows:
Sometimes vitamin and mineral deficiencies take time to manifest into symptoms, but diagnostic tests can help detect these at an early stage. Following is the list of tests that can help detect nutritional deficiencies, and help in having an informed conversation with your doctor:p>
Vitamin B12, an essential micronutrient, plays a crucial role in the formation of red blood cells and maintaining the health of the nerve tissue. Vitamin B12 deficiency is common in Indian due to vegetarian diet that lacks eggs and milk product.
Deficiency of vitamin B12 would lead to megaloblastic anemia, which is a type of anemia that often produces fatigue and tachycardia (rapid heart rate), and sometimes dizziness. It causes a range of symptoms, such as fatigue, forgetfulness and tingling of the hands and feet.A person with vitamin B12 deficiency would be at risk of dementia (memory loss), depression, stroke, myelopathy (spinal cord disease). Other associated diseases can be thyroid disorders and multiple sclerosis.
A vitamin blood test measures the amount of a specific vitamin in your blood. Your personal level of that vitamin is then compared to a reference range that defines healthy levels of that nutrient in your body.
Major vitamin tests includes Vitamin A, E, B12, D, beta carotene. There are tests to measure Iron, folic acid, electrolyte for various minerals. Calcium test helps to measure level of calcium in body to assess general health or for parathyroid conditions
Calcium and Iron deficiency can cause muscle cramps coarse hair, psoriasis etc. Magnesium can cause muscle contraction and cramps, abnormal heart rhythms, anxiety, high blood pressure. Zinc deficiency can result in low immunity, mouth ulcer, Coarse, brittle, thinning hair, skin problems, stretchmark.
Yes, adults tend to eat fewer calories, due to decreased appetite and activity levels. This decrease in caloric intake can also lead to deficient levels of vitamins and minerals.