Newborn screening ensures that all babies are screened for certain serious conditions at birth, and for those babies with the conditions, it allows doctors to start treatment before some of the harmful effects happen..
With a simple blood test, doctors often can tell whether newborns have certain conditions that eventually could cause problems. Although these conditions are rare and most babies are given a clean bill of health, early diagnosis and proper treatment sometimes can make the difference between lifelong impairment and healthy development. There are three parts to newborn screening. A heel stick to collect a small blood sample, pulse oximetry to look at the amount of oxygen in the baby’s blood and a hearing screen.
Most of the babies with metabolic disorders look normal at the time of birth. One will never know that the baby has disorder until the onset of signs and symptoms and more often ill effects are irreversible.
Signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease develop over time as and when the kidney damage progresses slowly:
Newborn screening is usually done with a blood test 24 to 48 hours after a baby is born. In some conditions, second blood test is performed at a check-up appointment with the baby's pediatrician when baby is 1 to 2 weeks old. Nurse will take few drops of blood from baby's heel and hospital will send the blood samples to newborn screening lab. Newborn screening is a part of standard care, parents do not need to request to have the test done
Testing time varies from type and number of tests done as a part of new born screening. For blood tests, results are usually ready within one week of sample collection. If results indicate any further need of testing, the results will likely be available within a couple of days. Physician will be notified right away and he will contact further, if any tests are required or there is delay in results.
Newborn screening tests varies by hospital and is subject to change, many hospitals currently do the basic and necessary screening tests. All newborns undergo hearing screening and some other tests as suggested by the doctor. Some common tests that doctors suggest as part of new born screening are as follows:.