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Menopause Screening Test


Overview

Menopause is the time in a woman's life when her period stops. It usually occurs naturally, as a biologic process in woman’s life when the function of ovaries ceases and she can no longer become pregnant. Menopause happens because the woman's ovaries stop producing the hormones estrogen and progesterone.

A woman has reached menopause when she has not had a period for one year. Changes and symptoms can start several years earlier. Hormonal changes and clinical symptoms occur gradually over a period of time generally known as perimenopause or menopausal transition leading to menopause.

Average age of menopause of an Indian women is 46.2 years, lesser than western counterparts (51 years).

  • Natural decline of reproductive hormones (estrogen & progesterone)
  • Total hysterectomy and bilateral oophorectomy (surgical removal of both uterus and ovaries)
  • Chemotherapy and radiation therapy
  • Primary ovarian insufficiency (when ovaries fail to produce normal levels of reproductive hormones)

Women usually might experience some of the following symptoms during menopause, or a few days to months ahead of menopause, with varying degrees of severity:

  • Hot flashes
  • Chills
  • Mood changes
  • Fatigue
  • Stress
  • Tiredness
  • Vaginal drying and itching
  • Irregular periods
  • Night sweats
  • Sleep problems
  • Thinning hair and dry skin
  • Loss of breast fullness

After menopause risk of certain medical conditions increases:

  • Regular gynaecological examination
  • Preventive health screening tests like colonoscopy, mammography and triglyceride screening
  • Pelvic examination which examines the effects of gonadal hormone depletion
  • Hormone levels
  • Calcium and bone density
  • Regular exercise
  • Maintain healthy weight
  • Improve nutrition
  • Avoid smoking
  • Control blood pressure, cholesterol and triglycerides level

Indian Menopause Society (IMS), established in 1995, is committed to foster the comprehensive well-being of mature and elderly Indian women and increase awareness regarding menopause and aging through publ ic health and education activities

Menopause

i.How do you confirm menopause?+
ii.What are different stages and early signs of menopause?+
iii.How long are you in perimenopause?+
iv.What test you must do to check for menopause?+

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