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Heart Diseases Test


The term “Heart Disease” can be used to describe any disorder of the cardiovascular system (i.e., the heart and blood vessels) that affects the heart's ability to function normally.

Dialysis iMost of the cardiac disorders are related to Atherosclerosis process. Atherosclerosis is the common cause of most of the heart disorders

Atherosclerosis is a condition that develops when a substance called as plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries. This buildup narrows the arteries, and makes the blood flow difficult. And, if a blood clot is formed, it can stop the blood flow which can cause a heart attack or stroke

Heart Attack

    • Heart attack occurs when the blood flow to a part of heart is blocked by a blood clot. If this clot completely obstructs the blood flow, that part of the heart muscle begins to die to insufficient blood and oxygen supply leading to characteristic chest pain and heart attack.

Heart Failure

    • Also known as Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), occurs when the heart is unable to pump the blood as per the need of the body and fails to meet the blood and oxygen supply demand of the body.


  • Arrhythmia is an abnormal rhythm of the heart and affects the normal functioning of heart. The heart can beat too slow, too fast or irregularly (the normal heart rate is 72 beats per minute).
  • Bradycardia - when the heart rate is less than 60 beats per minute
  • Tachycardia - when the heart rate is more than 100 beats per minute
  • Angina - when chest pain or discomfort caused due to insufficient supply of oxygen rich blood to the heart muscles
  • Chest pain and / or discomfort
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain, numbness, weakness or coldness in your legs or arms if the blood vessels in those parts of your body are narrowed
  • Pain in the neck, jaw, throat, upper abdomen or back
  • Fluttering in your chest
  • Racing heartbeat (tachycardia)
  • Slow heartbeat (bradycardia)
  • Lightheadedness
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting (syncope) or near fainting
  • Easily getting short of breath during exercise or activity
  • Easily tiring during exercise or activity
  • Swelling in the hands, ankles or feet
  • Fatigue

Risk factors for developing heart diseases include:

  • Age: Aging increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries and weakened or thickened heart muscle .
  • Gender: Men are generally at greater risk of heart disease. However, women's risk increases after menopause.
  • Family history:Family history of heart disease increases your risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a parent developed it at an early age.
  • Smoking:Nicotine constricts your blood vessels, and carbon monoxide can damage their inner lining, making them more susceptible to atherosclerosis. Heart attacks are more common in smokers than in nonsmokers.
  • Diet: Diet that's high in fat, salt, sugar and cholesterol can contribute to the development of heart disease.
  • High blood pressure: uncontrolled high blood pressure can result in hardening and thickening of arteries, narrowing the vessels through which blood flows.
  • High blood cholesterol levels:increase the risk of formation of plaques and atherosclerosis.
  • Diabetes.
  • Obesity:Excess weight typically worsens other risk factors.
  • Physical inactivity.
  • Stress:Unrelieved stress may damage your arteries and worsen other risk factors for heart disease.
  • Heart failure
  • Heart attack
  • Ischemic stroke
  • Aneurysm (a bulge in the wall of the artery)
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Sudden cardiac disease
  • Diagnosis of Heart conditions includes both diagnosis of acute condition, and early diagnosis of the risk before the patient gets a disease:
  • Early diagnosis and monitoring includes the following:
  • Lipid levels (Serum cholesterol, LDL, HDL, VLDL, Triglyceride)
  • Blood pressure
  • ECG
  • Echocardiogram
  • Stress test
  • Angiography

    Diagnosis of acute condition will include the following:

  • ECG
  • Troponin Test
  • Holter monitoring
  • Echocardiogram
  • Stress test
  • Angiography
  • Cardiac CT scan
  • Cardiac MRI
  • Quit smoking
  • Control other health conditions, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes
  • Exercise at least 30 minutes a day on most days of the week
  • Eat a diet that's low in salt and saturated fat
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Reduce and manage stress
  • Practice good hygiene

Heart Diseases

i.Am I at risk of heart disease?+
ii.How do you know if you are having cardiac problem? Can you have any symptoms before heart attack?+
iii.What should I do to prevent cardiac disease?+
iv. What are the screening and diagnostic tests for cardiac diseases?+