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Diabetes (High blood sugar) is a chronic condition associated with high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood (38.0 C)
Absence or insufficient production of glucose, or an inability of the body to properly use glucose causes diabetes
Average age of onset diabetes is 45 years, but it has become diagnose in young population from 20 to 40 years also
According to WHO, India tops the list of countries with highest number of diabetics which is 31.7 million and It is expected to rise by more than 100% in the year 2030 to account to a whopping 79.4 million
Types of diabetes based on causes
Diabetes can be classified in to three categories, depending on cause of Diabetes
Common symptom of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes include:
As diabetes has a strong genetic link, it is difficult to prevent, but type 2 diabetes can be prevented in some cases
Early signs of diabetes are minor and many people do not realize that they are suffering from diabetes. Following are some early signs for both the types of diabetes:
Diabetes can be tested at home by using home blood glucose monitors to manage the condition on regular basis. Glucose meter are simple to use, there are no such risks associated with home testing. If the person is testing for the first time, it is better to opt for proper diagnosis test in hospital or clinic.
Normal range for blood sugar of a healthy person is between 72 to 108mg/dL, when fasting and it should be up to 140mg/dL after 2 hours of eating. For people with diabetes, normal range for blood sugar level before meal is 80 to 130 mg/dL and under 140 to 199 mg/L after meal.
A1C test which is sometimes called HbA1c or hemoglobin A1c is used to diagnose type 2 diabetes and prediabetes alone in combination of with other diabetes tests. This single test allows a doctor to determine the level of blood sugar in the body for normal diabetic patient and gives a better result. It is always better to be recommended by doctor first.
Person with sudden fluctuation will start feeling vertigo and nausea, severe pain in feet and feeling of weakness will also be observed. It is advisable to have digital glucometer at home to identify high / low sugar level immediately. Immediate physician consultation is recommended in such cases.