The blood culture test is a microbiological test done to detect infections that spread through the bloodstream such as bacteremia, sepsis etc. This happens when the bloodstream is usually under a sterile environment. Blood culture test was first done in the early 20th century. The test is performed to identify the infections that might have in the human bloodstream that can lead to sepsis. Sepsis is a very chronic and life-threatening disease. A routine Blood culture test can help diagnose and get rid of the disease. A routine blood culture test is very easy to perform it only takes a few minutes to get done.
Importance of blood culture test
If the immune system of a human body is too weak or low then various infection-causing germs can attack the bloodstream such as bacteria and microbes. Those outsiders cause several problems in the normal functioning of the blood. Those foreign bodies have the power to invade into the bloodstream and spread to other body parts as well. A Blood culture test will help in detecting the presence of the underlying bacteria and microbes and suggests ways to control them. Some infections that can be diagnosed with a blood culture test is Endocarditis, Osteomyelitis, Cellulitis etc.
When to do a Blood Culture test?
A routine blood culture test is prescribed when the person is having symptoms like Chills, Confusion, Decreased urination and high-fever. These symptoms arrive when the bacteria or the fungi present in the bloodstream causes harm to the body. High level of undiagnosed infections can lead to some severe difficulties or symptoms like inflammation throughout the body, forming of many tiny blood clots into the smallest blood vessels. Blood culture test cost isn't very high so if you think if you are having any of these symptoms take a test immediately.
The procedure of the test
To perform this test a small amount of blood is collected from one of any veins of the human body most likely from the arms with a sterilized needle. Before pricking the needle into the skin the place need to be cleaned with an alcohol swab to make the area bacteria-free. After inserting the needle into the vein a specific amount of blood is drawn out from the vein and kept into a sterilized small glass jar. Then the blood is sent to the lab to perform the test and examine if there's any foreign body is present or not. Blood culture test price is not very high so you must take one if needed without having to think about the price.
The risk involved in a Blood Culture test
Though there are no side effects of blood test in-case the blood is not taken properly there are some conflicts that can happen in the area from where the blood is taken. Mild pain can be noticed in the site from where the blood was taken. Throbbing also happens in some human at the point of the puncture but the pain merely lasts an hour. Some major side-effects include:
- Bleeding from the pricking site
- inflammation in the vein
- hematoma or bruising
Above is all the things you need to know about a blood culture test including its importance and how it's done.