Arthritis is one of the majorly happening bone diseases in India in the recent times. Mostly developing among the adults over the age of 60 Arthritis can lead you to hell. Women are more prone to this disease than men of the said age group. But arthritis can develop in children, younger adults and teenagers too.

Among the numerous kinds of arthritis having different symptoms and causes, the two most prominent are Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis. Over 180 million people in India that is 15% of the total population are affected by Arthritis. In this disease, the bones and joints of the human body get inflammation due to which stiffness and pain occurs.

In the case of Osteoarthritis, the cartilage incurs a breakdown. It goes through trauma and natural degeneration often causing severe pain as a result. In the case of joints like knee, spine, and hip the pain reaches the acute level.

Rheumatoid Arthritis, however, is an autoimmune disease; it develops in the lining of joints mainly. It causes pain and stiffness to the bones.

Diagnosis of Arthritis:

There are several ways to diagnose Arthritis.

A few physical examinations are done which include:

  • The test that multiple joints are affected
  • Weakness in the muscles
  • Joint pains when pressure is applied
  • A sound of bone while movement

 

The Lab tests which can be done are:

  • Blood test for checking the presence of antibodies and level of inflammation.
  • Pathological test for Anti-CCP presence
  • X-ray of bones
  • Ultrasound test
  • Imaging test of the bones

 

Treatments for Arthritis:

There are several treatments of arthritis. Some are given below:

  • Application of counterirritant ointments and creams
  • Extensive workout and balanced diet
  • Taking Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Joint repair and joint fusion

So, from the above article, we come to know about the diagnosis and treatments of arthritis.

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