What Causes Allergic Asthma and Why Are Screening Tests Important For Children?

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What Causes Allergic Asthma and Why Are Screening Tests Important For Children?

Asthma caused due to any allergic reaction is termed as allergic asthma. Just like regular asthma, people with allergic asthma also face breathing difficulties, which can get severe if left unattended. People with asthmatic tendencies start feeling breathing problems if they inhale some dust particles, pollen, for example. Even though it can cause extreme discomfort for patients, allergy-induced asthma is curable for most cases. Children face a slightly higher risk in case the condition goes undetected, which is why allergy asthma screening for a child becomes crucial. However, first, here's what you need to know.

What are the Causes of Allergic Asthma?

Human beings are prone to allergies when their immune system overreacts to the presence of certain harmless particles, which are called allergens. Once people inhale these allergens, they might get an asthmatic attack. Some common allergens are:
- Pollen
- Dust mites
- Tobacco smoke
- Air pollution
- Chemical fumes
- Certain perfumes/lotion

However, there are also a few lesser-known allergens, which can also result in similar conditions. They are:
- Cockroaches
- Milk
- Fish
- Wheat
- Peanuts
- Eggs

What are the Symptoms of Allergic Asthma?

Allergic asthma has the same symptoms as regular asthma. These are as follows:

- Coughing
- Tightness in the chest
- Shortness of breath
- Wheezing

In a case where you have swallowed pollen or any other kind of allergen, the following things might happen:
- Swollen face and tongue
- Hives
- Swollen lips and throat

Complications of Allergic Asthma

If not appropriately treated, allergic asthma can have severe medical reactions. Of course, everybody wants children to avoid extreme situations, which is why allergy asthma screening for a child gets immense importance. A significant complication arising from allergic asthma is anaphylaxis.

Anaphylaxis is a condition when the body's immune system massively overreacts to an allergen and can get severe to the point of threatening life. It can fluctuate pressure levels, increase the heartbeat, and can even lead to a cardiac arrest.

Treatment for Allergic Asthma

Allergic asthma is a condition of an extreme allergic reaction in the body. Before you focus on the cost of an allergy asthma screening test, for your child, you should know there are a number of tests that can be conducted.

Allergy Skin Testing- The doctor can conduct a prick skin test by poking a needle with some allergens. After almost 20 minutes, the doctor checks for rashes and bumps on the skin to get a result and begin medication.

Blood Tests- Some doctors might ask for blood tests, also called RAST tests, to begin their diagnosis for asthma. It is often a preferred choice for doctors, as skin testing can sometimes give inaccurate results.

Spirometry- This is primarily a lung function test that gives helps in understanding whether a patient has asthma.

Drug/Medication Challenge- Often, a patient is avoiding the wrong drug, thinking it is the cause of allergy. Under the supervision of a physician, increasing amounts of that drug are supplied to the patient leaving intervals for observation and assessment. It can improve the individual's tolerance to certain medicines that could help cure asthma.

Allergic asthma is easily curable once appropriately detected. Therefore, don't hesitate to opt for an allergy asthma screening test for your child, irrespective of the cost. Asthma has different effects on different people. Thus, it is best to consult a physician as soon as you start to get the symptoms.