Leukocyte is the scientific term for white blood cells. WBC is crucial in making sure an individual’s body remains healthy at all times. White blood cells are the first line of defense against foreign substances that may cause infections. The presence of excess WBCs in the body, however, doesn’t bode well. The WBC count increases when they serve their purpose, but other conditions can also increase their number.
1. Leukocytosis: There’s a pathology test called Total Leukocyte Count through which you can determine the number of WBCs present in your blood. Doctors usually recommend taking this test when they have a reason to believe that a patient is suffering from leukocytosis or the presence of too many WBCs in the blood.
2. The causes: Here’s a list of the causes of leukocytosis.
- Problems associated with the bone marrow, such as thrombocytopenia or leukemia
- Inflammation, infection, or damage to the tissues
- Emotional or physical stress
- Medicines used in treating mental health problems, inflammation, breathing disorders, or cancer
- Immune reactions experienced during allergy or asthma attacks
3. Signs and symptoms: You may need to take the TLC Test if you exhibit the following signs and symptoms of leukocytosis.
- Bruising or bleeding
- Experiencing tiredness, weakness, or sickness
- Tingling or pain in the legs, arms, or abdomen
- Feeling dizzy or fainting or sweating profusely
- Experiencing trouble thinking, seeing, or breathing
- Losing weight without doing anything
- Loss of appetite
4. Diagnosing leukocytosis: Healthcare providers usually start by asking about the patient’s medical history. They may also want to know about the medicines you take or if you suffer from allergies. You’ll have to take blood tests as they’ll display the number and shape of your WBCs. These tests will also uncover whether you have too much of a specific type of leukocyte. Blood tests can even help doctors determine the cause of leukocytosis.
5. Treatment procedures: At times, the WBC count of a patient can return to normal without medical treatment. If it doesn’t, you may have to resort to one of the following treatment methods.
- You may need to take specific medicines to decrease inflammation or treat infections. Doctors may also prescribe drugs to decrease the acid content in your urine or body.
- You may require IV fluids as they can increase body fluid content and electrolytes.
- Unless the procedures mentioned above work, you may need to undergo leukapheresis that decreases WBC count. To that end, your healthcare provider will draw blood through an IV to separate and remove the WBCs. You may receive this blood devoid of WBCs or your healthcare expert may send it to the laboratory to run various tests.
You mustn’t hesitate to pay the TLC Test Cost if you experience the signs and symptoms above. If you’ve been going through this write-up from the beginning, you already know that your WBC count may return to normal after a specific timeframe without treatment. However, you mustn’t let this knowledge cloud your judgment. Unless you see a doctor, you’ll never know what ails you.