Thyroid Test- Everything You Need To Know

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Thyroid Test- Everything You Need To Know

The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland which is located in your neck. The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland which discharges three hormones, thyroxine, triiodothyronine, and calcitonin. There are several Thyroid test centers in Delhi which can detect abnormalities in your hormones.

Your thyroid gland secretes several hormones which are known as thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones are responsible for your metabolism, regulation of your body temperature and also act as an influencer for stimulating your growth. Hormonal outputs are regulated by TSH (thyroid stimulating hormones) which is itself controlled by the thyrotrophic hormones produced by the hypothalamus.

Common Disorders of thyroid

The four most notable disorders of thyroid are Graves’s disease, Hashimoto’s disease, Goiter, and thyroid nodules.

1. Graves disease

It is the most common occurrence of hypothyroidism, affecting the majority. In this case, people develop a hyperactive thyroid. Thyroid tests conducted in Mumbai can detect this type of disease.

2. Hashimoto’s disease

It is the most common disease occurring in the United States affecting a vast chunk of the population. It occurs when the thyroid glands in the body are attacked by your own immune systems killing the gland’s hormone developing capabilities.

3. Goiter

It is an enlargement of your thyroid gland and is caused due to iodine deficiency. You should take foods rich in iodine to avoid this disease.

4. Thyroid Nodules

These are growths forming on the thyroid glands. The nodules are most noncancerous but a small percentage is affected by the disease.
Types of thyroid tests

There are several thyroid tests which are easily available in all the major cities of India. When you go for your thyroid test in Nagpur your doctor may order more than a couple of blood tests to diagnose your problem. Common tests include T3, T4, and TSH.

T3 Test

T3 is an important hormone to regulate your metabolism. The test determines the severity of your hyperthyroidism. Even with a low T4 and TSH, you can have a high T3.  Symptoms for higher T3 include faster heart rate, reduced movement, weight loss, and excessive sweating.

T4 Test

T4 test also known as the thyroxine test measures the level of this hormone in your blood. A higher or lower imbalance in your T4 may indicate thyroid disease. T3 and T4 tests are often clubbed together in a lab test. Symptoms of T4 disturbance include feeling cold, fatigue and weight gain.

TSH test

This test measures the functioning of your thyroid gland. When your thyroid gland fails to produce thyroid hormone the pituitary gland produces more TSH. Poor functioning of this gland can result in hypothyroidism as well. You can now book thyroid disorders tests online with the click of a mouse. Low TSH can cause sweating, irritability, bloating, and nervousness.

Thyroid tests are designed to measure the level of thyroid secreting hormones in your body. Doctors are becoming more aware of the benefits of thyroid tests for screening adults and are offering reasonable solutions for better management of the disease.