Thyroid is an important gland in human body which is located below Adams apple. Maximum metabolic processes are regulated by this gland. Abnormal production of thyroid hormones is the main problem among the people. There are only two types of thyroid problems-Hyperthyroidism and Hypothyroidism.
Both of these can lead to a serious issue- Goiter (the enlargement of the thyroid gland). Enlargement of this gland happens if the thyroid nodule is produced in the gland which is the prime stage of cysts, tumor and cancer.
Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism:
It creates fatigue mostly along with intolerance of heat and weight loss. Fast heartbeat, sweat, lack of concentration, nervousness and tremor are the common symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism:
It creates cold feeling, depression and concentration problem. Constipation, dry skin, fatigue, fluid retention, hair loss are other symptoms. In case of women, excessive menstrual bleeding is the main symptom of Hypothyroidism.
i) If anyone finds these symptoms in the body, they should visit an endocrinologist.
ii) Blood test is a necessary step for the treatment. It helps the endocrinologist to determine the actual thyroid problems; whether it is hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. Moreover, the doctor can observe the balance of other TSH (Thyroid stimulating hormones) -T4, T3 and TSI iii) which are equaled responsible for the problem.
iv) CT scan, thyroid ultrasound, nuclear thyroid scan and needle aspiration are the tests for determining thyroid problem. Among these, nuclear thyroid scan is not applicable for pregnant women.
Hyperthyroidism can be treated by three successful ways. They are,
1. Radioiodine treatment- It’s most popular way to reducing the hormone amount. To damage the over activity of the thyroid gland, radiation is used. Radiation can be given through medication and injection too.
2. Post treatment precautions
Women shouldn’t get pregnant for a minimum period of six months.
Close contact with children and pregnant women should be avoided for few days or weeks (if necessary).
3. Medication-Beta-blockers for quick relieve and Thionamides are the oral medicines of Hyperthyroidism.
4. Surgery- For some cases its need to remove the thyroid gland.
Hypothyroidism is the easiest problem among people to treat with. As it lowers the level of thyroid hormone, oral medications is enough to cope with this problem. The medicines those are available in the market for Hypothyroidism are Thiamazole, Levothyroxine Triiodothyronine and Desiccated Thyroid Extract. Radioactive Iodine Therapy is another way to deal with the problem too.
Suggested Diagnosis and Tests for Thyroid Disorders