A stroke is primarily caused due to the blockage of an artery or due to the leakage of a blood vessel. These conditions are naturally not normal and therefore do not contribute to the normal functioning of the heart and the circulatory system.
Therefore, stroke risk assessment is very necessary since, stroke is often fatal, due to the fact that that body and the brain do not receive the required oxygen due to the blockage.
Risk factors of stroke:
There are many instances which might lead to the increased chances of experiencing a stroke. Therefore, they should be kept under regular check.
The biggest risk factor is an unhealthy diet. Foods having a high amount of saturated fats are known to increase the cholesterol level and cause blockage of arteries by accumulating fats in those areas.
Less physical activity is also responsible for the accumulation of fat in the waist and belly areas, which are major causes of increasing rate of strokes in individuals at an early age.
Alcohol consumption is also directly linked to causing a stroke. Alcohol causes the retention of insoluble fats in the body and thereby affecting the blood vessels from carrying oxygen to the different parts of the body.
Furthermore, family history is also a passive cause of stroke among many individuals. Anyone from the immediate family, who has had an experienced stroke is likely to transfer the same to his/her offspring.
Other medical conditions like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and heart disorders, defects in valves of the heart, enlarged heart chambers and diabetes can also give rise to stroke.
Diagnosis of stroke:
Stroke can be diagnosed by assessing the risk factors closely. The medical history of a person is also helpful in identifying the symptoms as well as classifying them as potential problems of stroke risk if need be.
CT scan and MRI are the major imaging techniques that may be performed in order to check for the type of stroke. Through this test, the image of the brain is taken and the stroke is categorized thereafter.
MRI angiography and Doppler ultrasonography (USG) are other techniques and tests which are performed to assess the blood flow to the brain of the individual.
A lumbar puncture may also be done for obtaining the cerebrospinal fluid in order to properly diagnose the stroke.
Suggested Diagnosis and Tests for Stroke Risk Assessment