Prostate cancer can affect just about any man. Then again, regardless of social determinants or status, the possibility of developing this problem can be high, especially if it remains undetected for prolonged periods. Researchers from the Prostate Cancer Foundation in the USA say that almost one out of eight Americans get diagnosed with this condition at least once in their lifetime. While it isn’t as rampant in India as it is in America, it won’t hurt you to prepare yourself or arm yourself with in-depth knowledge about the condition. Prostate cancer happens to be one of the most common forms of cancer affecting men.
1. Diagnosis: You can rely on a Pathology Lab Near Me to get inspected for prostate cancer, provided there’s a doctor there. Prostate analysis usually incorporates the digital rectal exam or DRE strategy. A doctor will put on a lubricated glove and insert a finger in your rectum. The specialist will be in search of a hardened mass or bumps the rectal canal. The DRE procedure will pinpoint the specific area if there’s an abnormality. If your doctor suspects prostate cancer or any related problems in the gland, you’ll need to take a blood test or a biopsy.
2. Blood tests: There is a specific kind of blood test that screens for prostate-specific antigen or PSA. The cells within your prostate produce this PSA. According to clinicians, if your PSA increases, you’ll be at risk of incurring this disease. When PSA levels increase more than four ng/ml, doctors may ask you to undergo more tests. Furthermore, if PSA levels increase more than ten, your chances of becoming a prostate cancer patient will increase by almost 50%.
3. About the disease: So, what is prostate cancer anyway? The growth of malignant or cancerous cells in the prostate gland causes prostate cancer. The organ is somewhat unique, and it’s part of the male reproductive system. The gland that looks just like a walnut holds its position below the bladder and in front of rectal section. Its primary function is to produce seminal fluid that transports and nourishes the sperm cells when you ejaculate. In extreme conditions, the aggressive cancer cells can migrate to other regions of your body and further complicate your condition. The most common symptoms of prostate cancer include erectile dysfunction, slow & weak urine flow, difficulty in urinating, unexplained weight loss, bone & joint pain, frequent urination at night, and bloody semen or urine.
4. The risk factors: Prostate cancer can affect any adult man, as already mentioned earlier. However, the chances of developing this condition is more among people having specific risk factors, such as age, family history, dietary patterns, and race.
The people working at the best Pathology Lab Near Me always say that the survival rate of prostate cancer is significantly higher compared to other forms of cancer. However, it does depend on how fast you get your condition diagnosed. Multiple treatments are also available, such as chemotherapy, drug therapy, radiation therapy, ablative therapy, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, and surgical removal of the affected organ.