How existence of the Polycystic Ovarian Disease is identified and diagnosed

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How existence of the Polycystic Ovarian Disease is identified and diagnosed

The Polycystic Ovarian Disease is one of the dreaded hormonal disorders that are found in women. In this type of disease, ovaries are seen to develop in several small collections of follicles. This results in the inability of releasing eggs. Ovaries are seen to enlarge and produce additional amounts of androgenic and estrogenic hormones. This leads to infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods. The disease is one of the most common causes of irregular menstruation as well as infertility amongst young women in India.

Signs and Symptoms of the disease

The signs and symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Disease are initially too mild. A woman might experience mere 2 to 3 symptoms that comprise the list:

  • Irregularity in menstrual cycle
  • Again in weight
  • Troubles are faced while measures are adopted for weight reduction
  • Hirsutism or excess hairs in face
  • Growth of acne on face, chest as well as upper back
  • Hair loss on scalp as well as baldness patterning a male
  • Skins are darkened particularly at the crease of neck
  • Infertility

Complications

Besides the fertility problems, POD patients has certain other complications that include

  • Struggles towards insulin and pre-diabetes as well as diabetic factors
  • The rise of abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels
  • Stroke and heart diseases
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Obesity
  • Sleep Apnea
  • A rise of steatohepatitis which is a severe liver inflammation caused by fat accumulation in the liver
  • Bleeding of the uterine.

Diagnosis

The Polycystic Ovarian Disease tests are done through conductance of various physical examinations. These tests include the test of blood pressure, BMI or body mass index, and size of waist. A check of skin could be performed to locate extra hair on the face, chest or back; test for acne or skin discoloration are done too.

The basic screening tests that are conducted include Thyroid function tests and tests on Serum prolactin level; the total and free testosterone levels, free androgen index, Serum hCG level, Cosyntropin stimulation test, the Serum 17-hydroxyprogesterone or 17-OHPG level, UFC and creatinine levels are also conducted for such diagnosing.

Other tests

Various other tests are conducted that include the Low-dose dexamethasone suppression test, andostenedione level, FSH and LH levels, and GnRH stimulation level. The level of Glucose, level of insulin and Liquid panel may too put under examination.

Confirmation of Diagnosis

The diagnosis of PCOD is confirmed by vaginal ultrasound. It lets the doctor know whether both the ovaries are enlarged. It also checks whether the bright central stroma is increased or if there is the existence of multiple small cysts in the ovaries.

Patients suffering from the effects of symptoms like irregularities in monstrous cycles, a sudden increase in weight or rising of hair on the face are possible victims of PCOD. These people should immediately consult their home-physician, who may refer her to any specialist. Or, alternatively, he might suggest conducting some tests that may help her in diagnosing the existence of the disease. The patient can search for the PCOD Tests Online. The various websites will help her with the reputed centers where such tests are carried out.

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