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Arthritis (Bone, Joint And Muscle Care) Test


Arthritis(Bone, Joint And Muscle Care) is inflammation of joints which causes pain and stiffness. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis, with different causes and treatment methods. Two of the most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Arthritis is most commonly found in adults over the age of 60, but it can also develop in children, teenagers, and younger adults. It is mostly found in women than men, and in people who are obese.

Arthritis affects 15% people i.e. over 180 million people in India

  • Osteoarthritiscauses cartilage i.e.,the hard, slippery tissue that covers the ends of bones where they form a joint to break down.It results from overuse, trauma, or the natural degeneration of cartilage that occurs with aging. It is often more painful in joints that bear weight, such as the knee, hip, and spine
  • Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that first targets the lining of joints (synovium). Rheumatoid arthritis may affect both large and small joints in the body and also the spine. Swelling, pain, and stiffness usually develop

The most common signs and symptoms of arthritis involve the joints. Depending on the type of arthritis, signs and symptoms may include:

  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Decreased range of motion
  • Family History:Some types of arthritis results from genetic cause, which makes patient susceptible to environmental factors that trigger arthritis
  • Age:Risk of arthritis increases with age
  • Gender:Women are more likely than men to develop rheumatoid arthritis
  • Previous Joint Injury:People who have injured a joint, perhaps while playing a sport, are more likely to eventually develop arthritis in that joint
  • Obesity:Obese people have higher risk of developing arthritis as it puts stress on joints, particularly your knees, hips and spine
  • Effects on the skin
  • Eye complications
  • Neck pain
  • Heart and blood vessel disease
  • Blood disease
  • Lung problems
  • Infections
  • Emotional effects

Arthritis is diagnosed by evaluation of symptoms and a physical examination. Apart from that few imaging tests as well as pathology tests are required

Physical examination will have:

  • Weakness (atrophy) in the muscles
  • Limited ability to move the joint passively (with assistance) and actively (without assistance)
  • Signs that multiple joints are painful or swollen (sign rheumatoid arthritis)
  • A grating feeling or sound while movement
  • Pain when pressure is placed on the joint or the joint is moved

Lab test:

  • Blood may be drawn to check for levels of inflammation, presence of antibodies, and status of general systems
  • Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (Anti- CCP) test need to diagnose the type of arthritis

Please consult pathologist to build further and expand on this section

  • Imaging Tests
  • X ray
  • Ultrasound
  • MRI
  • Maintain weight
  • Eating a healthy diet and avoid fried foods, processed foods, dairy products, and high intakes of meat
  • Have gluten free diet
  • Regular exercise will keep your joints flexible

Arthritis(Bone, Joint And Muscle Care)

i.What all diagnostic tests are there to detect arthritis?+
ii.How can a person identify whether he is suffering from arthritis or not?+
iii. In which parts of the body can arthritis occur?+
iv.How do you get rid of arthritis pain?+