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Arthritis(Bone, Joint And Muscle Care) is inflammation of joints which causes pain and stiffness. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis, with different causes and treatment methods. Two of the most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Arthritis is most commonly found in adults over the age of 60, but it can also develop in children, teenagers, and younger adults. It is mostly found in women than men, and in people who are obese.
Arthritis affects 15% people i.e. over 180 million people in India
The most common signs and symptoms of arthritis involve the joints. Depending on the type of arthritis, signs and symptoms may include:
Arthritis is diagnosed by evaluation of symptoms and a physical examination. Apart from that few imaging tests as well as pathology tests are required
Physical examination will have:
Please consult pathologist to build further and expand on this section
There are several tests to confirm the diagnosis, and assess the possible and severity of arthritis condition.
Blood tests like CBC, C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), liver function test and kidney function test to confirm the diagnosis. Imaging tests like X-ray, MRI, CT and ultrasound to detect inflammation and its severity.
Other tests like synovial fluid analysis and urine tests could also be recommended by the doctor.
Pain, stiffness and swelling in joints tend to indicate a patient that he could be suffering from arthritis.
Arthritis can occur in knees,hips, wrist, hands and fingers,shoulder, back and neck, elbows,ankles, foot, heel and toes.
Doctors generally prescribe NSAIDs and other painkillers, topical painkillers in form of creams, gels and patches.
Wearing right footwear and avoiding heels also helps in the condition.
Some people prefer acupuncture test.