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Acne (Pimples) Test


Acne (Pimples) is a chronic skin condition involving inflammation of the sebaceous glands, occurs when hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It often causes whiteheads, blackheads, or pimples, and usually appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders.

Acne is most common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages. It affects 80% of teenagers and many adults, especially women, 35% being between the ages of 30 and 40. Acne represents 15-20% of all dermatology consultations.

Common allergens may include:

  • Excess oil production
  • Hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells
  • Bacteria builds up in pores
  • Excess activity of a type of hormone (androgens)
  • Hormonal factor
  • Certain medications
  • Diet
  • Stress
  • Greasy food
  • Hygiene
  • Certain cosmetics and skin care products
  • Menstruation

Acne signs and symptoms vary depending on the severity of condition:

  • Whiteheads (closed plugged pores)
  • Blackheads (open plugged pores)
  • Small red, tender bumps (papules)
  • Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at tips
  • Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin (nodules)
  • Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin (cystic lesions)
  • Whiteheads: remain under the skin and are small
  • Blackheads: clearly visible, they are black and appear on the surface of the skin
  • Papules: small, usually pink bumps, these are visible on the surface of the skin
  • Pustules: they are red at their base and have pus at their tips
  • Nodules: they are large, solid, painful pimples that are embedded deep in the skin
  • Cysts: they are painful and filled with pus and it can cause scars

There are certain risk factors for developing acne. These includes:

  • Hormonal changes caused by puberty or pregnancy
  • Certain medications, such as certain birth control pills or corticosteroids
  • A diet high in refined sugars or carbohydrates, such as bread and chips
  • Family history

Preventive Measures

  • Reducing stress
  • Healthy diet with minimal refined sugars
  • Avoiding makeup that contains oil
  • Using an OTC acne cream to remove excess oil

There are treatments that can help reduce symptoms. This can improve the appearance of the skin, and lead to a better quality of life for people with acne. Acne treatments are:

    • Control acne
    • Avoid scarring or other damage to skin
    • Make scars less noticeable


i. What causes acne?+
ii. How can severe acne be treated fast?+
iii. When should I see a dermatologist for acne treatment?+
iv. Which are the diagnostic test that dermatologists recommend for acne?+