Acne (Pimples) is a chronic skin condition involving inflammation of the sebaceous glands, occurs when hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It often causes whiteheads, blackheads, or pimples, and usually appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders.
Acne is most common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages. It affects 80% of teenagers and many adults, especially women, 35% being between the ages of 30 and 40. Acne represents 15-20% of all dermatology consultations.
Common allergens may include:
Acne signs and symptoms vary depending on the severity of condition:
There are certain risk factors for developing acne. These includes:
There are treatments that can help reduce symptoms. This can improve the appearance of the skin, and lead to a better quality of life for people with acne. Acne treatments are:
Acne is chronic inflammatory skin condition causes spots and pimples, especially on the face, shoulders, back, neck, chest, and upper arms. It generally occurs during puberty period. Pimples grow when the follicles of skin pores get blocked, and oil builds up under the skin.
Other reasons are hormonal changes, emotional stress, menstruation, and use of some greasy cosmetics.
For severe acne, you must visit doctor or dermatologist. You may be prescribed with oral antibiotics to reduce bacteria and fight inflammation. Along with that you may prescribed topical creams (medicine) to apply on your acne. .
Acne is common condition that occurs during puberty. It gets severe when over the counter treatment doesn’t work, and you start noticing its spread and scars. One should definitely consult a dermatologist if all OTC remedy stop working, one should also consult a doctor if he/she has cystic acne which causes pitted facial scars, if he/she has some inflammatory condition like irregular periods, hormonal imbalances etc. which makes the condition worse.
Dermatologist recommend bacterial test in which microbiological examination and culture of acne spot is performed. Hormonal test can be performed like testosterone, SBHG, free androgen index, prolactin, cortisol, dexamethasone suppression test. Ultrasound test is performed to analyses ovarian cysts and tumors on the ovary and adrenal gland.